Infinite Energy Device Update
New Energy Research Laboratory
Device and Process Testing Update
Published in IE Volume 5, Issue #27. By
Ed Wall and Jeffery Kooistra. September, 1999
NERL has been a busy place the last few months.
With the arrival of Jeffery D. Kooistra as research scientist, new
projects have been started and old matters have been moved from
back burner to front. Even before Jeff had completed his move to
New Hampshire, Ed had been building Jeff an office. Once on site,
Jeff and Ed finished the office and Jeff moved in.
Jeff brought along his laboratory from Michigan, so
NERL is now a place where advanced Marinov Motor work is being done.
To make room, Jeff and Ed have been putting lots of
time into clearing out and reorganizing the lab. There are several
new workbenches and shelves in place, and the laboratory has become
both more scientist friendly and visitor friendly as well.
Along with new work on Marinov Motor related issues
(most of which is currently proprietary), studies on railguns and
retrograde railguns has commenced. For a slight investment, a great
deal of interesting science can be done. The crackle and sizzle
of sparks, and the scent of ozone in the air, is common when the
railgun is being used. We've verified the expected "armature-toward-the-muzzle"
behavior, and also demonstrated the retrograde motion of the ferromagnetic
Ordinary railgun armatures do not move all that fast
when a car battery is used as a power supply. However, we've already
managed to up our performance level about an order of magnitude
while using LESS energy. Exactly how we do this is, at the
moment, also proprietary information. We're planning to do more
precise measurements soon with yet another modification that should
at least double current performance.
The flow calorimeter was used in a long series
of measurements of cell heat output. This is the first time, to
our knowledge, that flow calorimetry has been performed on this
type of cell. Heat measurement before this has been performed by
temperature measurement of the catalyst (isoperibolic method). This
method has been cause for criticism, because it does not directly
measure heat. It compares temperatures attained in the catalyst
when ordinary hydrogen is in the cell to temperatures when deuterium
is used, for the same heater power. We have found some problems
with this method when thermal disequilibrium is introduced to the
cell. We found substantial excess temperature in the cell for a
wide range of heater power, even for temperatures below where the
cell is supposed to "turn on." This was cause for initial excitement,
which was quickly dulled when we realized that the flow calorimeter
was not showing excess heat. We then reduced heater power to levels
below the crossover of the calibration and deuterium lines and found
that the deuterium data actually stayed on course, not returning
to the calibration line. This was the final confirmation that the
excess temperature, in this case, did not indicate excess heat.
See Figures 1 and 2 and accompanying photograph
The calorimeter performed well, but the calorimeter
envelope had disappointing heat capture. This has been completely
redesigned. The new setup has a much larger envelope that does not
use a Dewar (modeled on Earthtech work) and we have included a cold
trap for the vacuum pump. The purpose of the cold trap, which is
an apparatus immersed in liquid nitrogen, is to force the gas that
is between the vacuum pump and the cell to be exposed to extreme
cold. This very effectively eliminates the backstreaming of pump
oil, which Les Case has warned us may be a problem.
It also keeps the substantial moisture and other
detritus that is sucked from the cell from entering the pump. This
will mean that the purging of the cells is more efficient, with
much deeper vacuum, much less contamination in the cell, and longer
pump oil life.
This new setup has been constructed with cooling coils
around the top of the cell to allow for thermal disequilibrium.
The degree of disequilibrium can be controlled by changing the inlet
water temperature in the flow calorimeter and by adding to or reducing
the number of coils wrapped around the cell.
Jed Rothwell has been busy visiting Japan.
He took the opportunity to see Drs. Mizuno and Ohmori and provided
us and Scott Little of Earthtech with a wealth of photographs of
virtually everything in Mizuno's laboratory. He expounded artfully
on the method of calorimetry employed and is producing a detailed
description to be published in the next issue of Infinite Energy.